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1492—The Columbian Exchange
Episode 4 of Turning Points in Modern History Series
Without intending to, Christopher Columbus's search for Asia initiated an event that has been called the most important historical turning point of modern times. Investigate how Columbus's encounter with the Americas brought distant peoples together politically, culturally, and environmentally in…
1648—The Treaty of Westphalia
Episode 6 of Turning Points in Modern History Series
The Thirty Years War involved some million soldiers and mass civilian casualties. Explore the significance of the Peace of Westphalia, the settlement that ended the war in 1648--a vital turning point that still shapes how international politics are handled.
Erdogan - The Making of a Sultan
In this acclaimed new documentary, Emmy and BAFTA award-winning director, Gilles Cayatte, and expert on Turkish affairs Guillaume Perrier, profile President Erdogan. He rose to power as the anti-corruption candidate, challenging the old order and advocating closer ties with the…
1455—Gutenberg’s Print Revolution
Episode 3 of Turning Points in Modern History Series
Trace how Johannes Gutenberg's introduction of a press with movable type sparked a print revolution, becoming a key factor in the Protestant Reformation, the Renaissance, the Scientific Revolution, and the standardization of vernacular languages.
1789—The French Revolution
Episode 10 of Turning Points in Modern History Series
How did France's fight for liberation from royal authority lead to Napoleon's rise and even greater despotism? Contrast events in America with those in France to see how attempts at creating modern republics radically diverged.
Olive Oil: The Mafia & The New Sicily
Part of the Series: Olive Route Collection
The olive tree is at the heart of Sicily's identity, which for centuries has been the king of the island's agriculture. At the start to the 20th century, the Sicilians were under the rule of bandits, specialists in "the business…
Introduction and the Old Regime Monarchy
Episode 1 of Living the French Revolution and the Age of Napoleon Course
Take a first look at the complexities of overthrowing a monarchy and constructing a democracy. This first episode introduces you to Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette and lays the groundwork for the gripping drama of the French Revolution.
The Enlightenment
Episode 3 of Living the French Revolution and the Age of Napoleon Course
Enter 18th-century salons and cafes to join the debates over modernity and politics. While writers such as Voltaire, Diderot, and Rousseau argued over natural rights, political reform, the social contract, and more, the Old Regime cracked down on dissidents and…
1600—The British East India Company
Episode 5 of Turning Points in Modern History Series
The English and Dutch East India companies coexisted in the Spice Islands as they worked to outflank the Portuguese, but their rivalry soon escalated into war. Examine the founding and meteoric growth of the East India Company and the violence…
1896—The Invention of Motion Pictures
Episode 16 of Turning Points in Modern History Series
Motion pictures revolutionized people's view of the world. Survey early movie culture, along with the contributions of Thomas Edison, Georges Melies, and others, then see how the medium became "weaponized" by Bolsheviks in Russia and Nazis in Germany.
American Revolution and the Economic Crisis
Episode 5 of Living the French Revolution and the Age of Napoleon Course
Explore the economic problems of France in the 1780s. The nation was deeply in debt, due to war with Britain and participating in the American Revolution. The opening of free trade hit the textile market and caused high unemployment. Finally,…
1751—Diderot’s Enlightenment Encyclopedia
Episode 8 of Turning Points in Modern History Series
The Encyclopedie was the most ambitious reference work and publishing project of its time. Discover how the editors made knowledge accessible to a mass audience and championed the Enlightenment's progressive, secular message, despite fierce opposition from the Catholic Church.
1859—Darwin and the Origin of Species
Episode 13 of Turning Points in Modern History Series
Discover how a simple observation inspired Darwin's theories of evolution and natural selection, and why his Origin of Species was eagerly accepted by much of Victorian society. Then, look at how the Nazis and others distorted Darwin's ideas.
Hitler's Children
Adolf Hitler did not have children, but what of the families of Hermann Goring, Heinrich Himmler and Hans Frank, to name a few? What is it like for the descendants of these top Nazi officials to deal with the legacy…
France, Global Commerce, and Colonization
Episode 4 of Living the French Revolution and the Age of Napoleon Course
See how global trade, the mercantilist system, and the slave trade disrupted traditional notions of societal hierarchy as non-nobles benefited greatly from the new economy. Additionally, global warfare--especially between France and Great Britain over colonization--left France weakened and deeply in…
Ludwig van Beethoven
A documentary on the life of Ludwig van Beethoven, one of the best-known German composers of all time. Original documents, letters and drawings are combined with highlights of Beethoven's musical oeuvre played by world-renowned orchestras. With its featured concert excerpts,…
Why We Voted to Leave: Britain Speaks - Thoughts on Brexit from British Citizens
BBC
Adrian Chiles goes home to the West Midlands to meet Leave voters from both sides of the political divide and find out why Britain voted for Brexit. He discovers an unlikely alliance of young and old, wealthy and non-wealthy, white…
Privilege—Old Regime Society
Episode 2 of Living the French Revolution and the Age of Napoleon Course
Look at the hierarchical society of France in the 1780s, which was divided into three estates--those who prayed (the clergy), those who fought (the nobles), and those who worked and paid taxes (the peasants). This system placed a heavy burden…
Nazi Hunters
Nazi Hunters tells how a select band of secret agents and avengers hunted down some of the most evil men in history... And finally brought them to justice. Narrated by real-life Nazi hunters, every episode tells the story of an…
8 videos
July 14th—Storming the Bastille
Episode 7 of Living the French Revolution and the Age of Napoleon Course
Unpack the story of one of the most famous days in French history. In the wake of the Estates-General crisis, hungry crowds gathered in the streets of Paris. As the king gathered troops around Versailles, the politics of hunger took…