European Modern History

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1648—The Treaty of Westphalia
Episode 6 of Turning Points in Modern History Series
The Thirty Years War involved some million soldiers and mass civilian casualties. Explore the significance of the Peace of Westphalia, the settlement that ended the war in 1648--a vital turning point that still shapes how international politics are handled.
Food Imperialism around the World
Episode 30 of Food: A Cultural Culinary History Series
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, European colonialism expanded across the entire globe as a form of economic empire building. Grasp how Western powers came to control massive production of export crops in nonindustrialized countries, and how political…
1492—The Columbian Exchange
Episode 4 of Turning Points in Modern History Series
Without intending to, Christopher Columbus's search for Asia initiated an event that has been called the most important historical turning point of modern times. Investigate how Columbus's encounter with the Americas brought distant peoples together politically, culturally, and environmentally in…
Ludwig van Beethoven
A documentary on the life of Ludwig van Beethoven, one of the best-known German composers of all time. Original documents, letters and drawings are combined with highlights of Beethoven's musical oeuvre played by world-renowned orchestras. With its featured concert excerpts,…
1751—Diderot’s Enlightenment Encyclopedia
Episode 8 of Turning Points in Modern History Series
The Encyclopedie was the most ambitious reference work and publishing project of its time. Discover how the editors made knowledge accessible to a mass audience and championed the Enlightenment's progressive, secular message, despite fierce opposition from the Catholic Church.
1789—The French Revolution
Episode 10 of Turning Points in Modern History Series
How did France's fight for liberation from royal authority lead to Napoleon's rise and even greater despotism? Contrast events in America with those in France to see how attempts at creating modern republics radically diverged.
Introduction and the Old Regime Monarchy
Episode 1 of Living the French Revolution and the Age of Napoleon Course
Take a first look at the complexities of overthrowing a monarchy and constructing a democracy. This first episode introduces you to Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette and lays the groundwork for the gripping drama of the French Revolution.
London In The Raw
"The world's greatest city laid bare!", roars the tagline to LONDON IN THE RAW (1964), a salacious documentary that tours the strip-clubs and underground dives of the still-swinging city. Exploitation maven Arnold Miller combines documentary footage with staged sequences of…
Winter Ade - Winter Ade
Part of the Series: Reel Women in East German Film
Shortly before GDR's collapse, Helke Misselwitz traveled by train from one end of the country to the other interviewing East German women of different ages and backgrounds. In this documentary masterpiece, women reveal their personal and professional frustrations, hopes and…
The Enlightenment
Episode 3 of Living the French Revolution and the Age of Napoleon Course
Enter 18th-century salons and cafes to join the debates over modernity and politics. While writers such as Voltaire, Diderot, and Rousseau argued over natural rights, political reform, the social contract, and more, the Old Regime cracked down on dissidents and…
Hitler's Children
Adolf Hitler did not have children, but what of the families of Hermann Goring, Heinrich Himmler and Hans Frank, to name a few? What is it like for the descendants of these top Nazi officials to deal with the legacy…
1600—The British East India Company
Episode 5 of Turning Points in Modern History Series
The English and Dutch East India companies coexisted in the Spice Islands as they worked to outflank the Portuguese, but their rivalry soon escalated into war. Examine the founding and meteoric growth of the East India Company and the violence…
Eating in the Early Industrial Revolution
Episode 26 of Food: A Cultural Culinary History Series
The Industrial Revolution brought far-reaching changes in food production and culture. In the British Isles, observe how the advent of industrially organized farming, urban labor, and mass production led to artificial modification of food and a decline in the quality…
Erdogan - The Making of a Sultan
In this acclaimed new documentary, Emmy and BAFTA award-winning director, Gilles Cayatte, and expert on Turkish affairs Guillaume Perrier, profile President Erdogan. He rose to power as the anti-corruption candidate, challenging the old order and advocating closer ties with the…
1455—Gutenberg’s Print Revolution
Episode 3 of Turning Points in Modern History Series
Trace how Johannes Gutenberg's introduction of a press with movable type sparked a print revolution, becoming a key factor in the Protestant Reformation, the Renaissance, the Scientific Revolution, and the standardization of vernacular languages.
Privilege—Old Regime Society
Episode 2 of Living the French Revolution and the Age of Napoleon Course
Look at the hierarchical society of France in the 1780s, which was divided into three estates--those who prayed (the clergy), those who fought (the nobles), and those who worked and paid taxes (the peasants). This system placed a heavy burden…
The Women of World War One
BBC
In 1914 women all over Europe were experiencing the impact of a war that reached into every corner of people's lives. In Britain, war came to the Home Front and in doing so ushered in a seismic shift in the…
1896—The Invention of Motion Pictures
Episode 16 of Turning Points in Modern History Series
Motion pictures revolutionized people's view of the world. Survey early movie culture, along with the contributions of Thomas Edison, Georges Melies, and others, then see how the medium became "weaponized" by Bolsheviks in Russia and Nazis in Germany.
First Restaurants, Chefs, and Gastronomy
Episode 28 of Food: A Cultural Culinary History Series
European culinary art blossomed in the 18th and 19th centuries. Learn about the West's first true restaurants in 18th-century Paris and the formalized structure of meals served in multiple courses. Follow the exploits of four of the first celebrity chefs…
London Orbital
'Maverick British director Chris Petit has produced one of this year's eeriest and most haunting films, London Orbital, a threnody to the M25.' Sunday Telegraph 'It is a mediation on the M25 and gives an intriguing history of the occult…