1492—The Columbian Exchange

The Great Courses
Show More

Related videos

1521 Tenochtitlán—Aztecs vs. Conquistadors
The 16th-century Spanish conquest of the Americas resulted in some of the most unusual military encounters of all time. Here, learn about the campaign under Hernan Cortes to conquer Mexico, and how fewer than 1,000 Spaniards defeated the mighty Aztec Empire, which possessed armies comprising tens of thousands of warriors.
Missing Presumed Dead
In an antique shop in Adelaide, South Australia, filmmaker Gerard Reed happened upon a wallet belonging to a German soldier from World War One. The soldier was identified as Heinrich Bornkamp, and his wallet contained a number of personal items including poignant letters from his family and his fiancee. Fascinated…
Fourth Crusade: Byzantium Betrayed—1204
Innocent III initiated the Fourth Crusade to recapture control of the Holy Lands from Muslim rulers, but Crusaders ultimately rampaged through Christendom. Learn what led to the brutal attack and looting of the city of Constantinople, a supposed ally of the Crusaders and the seat of the Greek Orthodox branch…
Rain of Ruin
This powerful video features a comprehensive examination of one of the most important, yet little-understood episodes in modern history - the several months leading up to the atomic bombings of Japan, which both ended World War II and shaped the world's geo-political landscape for the next 50 years. To compel…
Post World War II to Today, From the M-14 to the M4 Carbine
Part of the Series: Guns - The Evolution of Firearms
The field of battle was growing smaller and the invention of a light weight and short range firearms were necessary for combat.
The Weapons of World War II
Part of the Series: Guns - The Evolution of Firearms
The need to keep up with modern warfare sparked invention and economic growth.
The Weapons of World War I
Part of the Series: Guns - The Evolution of Firearms
The machine gun changed the warfront and defined and dominated the WWI experience.
Post Civil War Weapons and the Winning of the West
Part of the Series: Guns - The Evolution of Firearms
From the Post-Civil War military to the wild frontier, the demand for firearms was growing. The need for inexpensive and quickly produced firearms sparked invention and continued the evolution of the gun.
The Weapons of the Civil War
Part of the Series: Guns - The Evolution of Firearms
From the North to the South the firearms that won the Civil War.
From the Flintlock to the Percussion Cap
Part of the Series: Guns - The Evolution of Firearms
From the stock piles of firearms used in the U.S. Colonies fight for independence, to the
From the Invention of Gun Powder to the American Rifle
Part of the Series: Guns - The Evolution of Firearms
From the simple stone axe to firearms that helped concur the land that would become the
Guns - The Evolution of Firearms
The greatest gift of mankind over beasts is his ability to craft and use tools. From the simple stone axe to modern warfare technology the relationship between man and survival has been an ongoing battle from the beginning of time. Blast through authentic archived photos, comprehensive video footage and in-depth…