The Council of Nicea
Part of the Series: How Jesus Became God

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Jesus - The Man Who Became God
Part of the Series: How Jesus Became God
First, consider the huge historical significance of the Christian belief in Jesus's divinity, in terms of its effects on Western civilization as well as today's world. Learn about different scholarly views of the historical Jesus, and trace the remarkable diversity of early Christian thought regarding Christian identity, scripture, and theological…
Jesus's Exaltation - Earliest Christian Views
Part of the Series: How Jesus Became God
What did the earliest Christians believe about Jesus's divinity? Delve into Romans and Acts for what they may tell us about early Christian thought, identifying the "pre-literary" creeds they quote from. Observe how these creeds indicate a view that Jesus was adopted as the Son of God precisely upon his…
Paul's View - Christ's Elevated Divinity
Part of the Series: How Jesus Became God
Paul's theology represents a transition between early conceptions of Christ as exalted by God upon his death and later views of his innate or eternal divinity. Trace Paul's seminal role within the early church, and his view of Jesus as a divine being whose actions raised him to a higher…
Christ's Dual Nature - Proto-Orthodoxy
Part of the Series: How Jesus Became God
By the fourth century, the theological understanding known as "orthodoxy" became predominant. Investigate the relationship between orthodoxy and "heresy", or conflicting conceptions of the faith, and evidence that orthodoxy was not the original form of Christianity. Learn about early "proto-orthodox" writers, and their contention that Jesus was both fully God…
The Backward Movement of Christology
Part of the Series: How Jesus Became God
Over time, Christian thought pushed the origin of Jesus's divinity further and further back in history. Trace this development by looking at views of Jesus in the New Testament Gospels. Focus on the Gospels of Mark, Matthew, and Luke, noting their differing versions of when Jesus became the Son of…
How Do We Encounter The World?
Part of the Series: Examined Life Series
How Do We Encounter the World? examines the views of Husserl, Heidegger, and others in which reality is a phenomenon of consciousness.
What Is Justice?
Part of the Series: Examined Life Series
What is Justice? explores questions about distributive justice, both from a national and global perspective, and examines the views of Aristotle, Marx, Rawls and Nozick.
The Arian Controversy
Part of the Series: How Jesus Became God
In the third century, sharp divisions existed between Christians, involving how to explain the relation of God the Father to Christ and the Holy Spirit. Examine the proto-orthodox thought of Novatian, and learn about the "Arian controversy" stemming from the highly divisive view of Christ as a subordinate deity created…
Does The Mind Shape The World?
Part of the Series: Examined Life Series
Does the Mind Shape the World? examines Immanuel Kant's position that we interpret the world through a priori constructs of the mind, as well as later philosophers' views of how these constructs may vary among languages and cultures.
The Conversion of Constantine
Part of the Series: How Jesus Became God
The Christian conversion of the Roman emperor Constantine was a momentous turning point for the faith. Learn about the relationship of the Roman Empire to early Christianity, and the specific reasons why Christians were persecuted by Rome. Grasp Constantine's motives for converting to Christianity and for becoming directly involved in…
How Jesus Became God
What exactly happened, such that Jesus came to be considered God? To ask this question is to delve into a fascinating, multilayered historical puzzle - one that offers a richly illuminating look into the origins of the Western worldview and the theological underpinnings of our civilization. Explore the process by…
What Is Human Nature?
Part of the Series: Examined Life Series
What is Human Nature? contrasts traditional Greek and Judeo-Christian views of human nature with post-Darwinian and existential views.