Verbs in the Present Tense
Episode 5 of Greek 101

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Regular -ar Verbs in the Present
Here, learn about an important category of Spanish verbs--those whose infinitives end in -ar. Conjugate regular -ar verbs in the present tense by identifying the verb's stem and adding the appropriate endings. Continue with Spanish adjectives and their placement, cognate adjectives, and the pronunciation of important consonants.
Stem-Changing Verbs
Here, work with Spanish verbs that are irregular--not in their tense endings, but in the verb stems used to conjugate them. Study how to conjugate verbs of this type as you learn a range of new verbs. Also study prepositional pronouns, as well as rules for which syllables to stress…
Regular -er and -ir Verbs in the Present
Conjugate two new categories of Spanish verbs--those that end in -er and -ir. For both, learn and practice the appropriate endings for the present tense. Continue with possessive adjectives, and study how these are used in Spanish. Then discover three ways of forming questions, and learn vocabulary related to the…
Verbs in the Future & Aorist Tenses
Episode 10 of Greek 101
Learn two new tenses: the future and aorist. In the process, encounter the concept of principal parts, which are indispensable for recognizing different tenses. Concentrate on the first three principal parts for regular verbs (present and imperfect, future, and aorist). Also inspect some irregular verbs.
Active Participles
Episode 20 of Greek 101
Participles are verbal adjectives. Like verbs, they have tense and voice. Like adjectives, they agree in case, number, and gender with the nouns they modify. Learn to form participles in different tenses of the active voice. Study examples in the Gospel of Matthew and in your reading of lines 22-27…
Irregular Verbs in the Preterite
Round out your knowledge of the preterite by working with the full range of Spanish verbs that are irregular in this tense. Grasp why, in studying the present and preterite tenses, you have now learned the hardest verb conjugations in the Spanish language. Then add important vocabulary about work and…
The Imperative Mood, Active
Episode 24 of Greek 101
Encounter the imperative mood--the verb construction used for commands. Study the imperative endings in the present and aorist tenses. Find three aorist commands in Luke 22:36, and even more as you continue your reading of the Iliad with lines 39-47.
Regular -er and -ir Verbs in the Preterite
Continue your exploration of this vital tense in Spanish, and learn to express past actions with regular -er and -ir verbs, stem-changing verbs, and irregular verbs. Observe how some Spanish verbs actually change meaning when used in the preterite. Also learn important adjectives that describe inherent characteristics of something, as…
Regular -μι Verbs in the Active
Episode 32 of Greek 101
Bring your study of Greek verbs to a close by focusing on an important class of verbs that end in mi in the first principal part. There aren't many such mi verbs, but they are useful and common, and they appear frequently in compounds.
Verbs in the Imperfect Tense
Episode 9 of Greek 101
Greek has several ways of talking about the past. Focus on the imperfect tense, which describes an action that was ongoing in the past--for example, "The Achaeans were dishonoring the gods." The imperfect is built by adding a vowel prefix, called an augment, to the verb base, plus secondary endings.
Reflexive Verbs
Reflexive verbs are those for which the subject and the object of the action are the same (as in, "I wash myself" in English). Study how these verbs function in Spanish, and learn commonly used examples. Look deeply at the uses of the verbs ser and estar, the two Spanish…
Aorist & Imperfect Middle/Passive
Episode 17 of Greek 101
In the previous lesson, you learned the primary middle/passive endings, which are used for the present and future tenses. Now compare these to the secondary middle/passive endings, which are used for past tenses. Then read lines 11-16 of the Iliad, learning new rules for scanning dactylic hexameter.